Centre for Criminology & Sociolegal Studies
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audreyMeet Our New Director: Audrey Macklin

The Centre for Criminology & Sociolegal Studies would like to extend a warm welcome to our new director, Audrey Macklin. Audrey comes to us from the Faculty of Law. She holds law degrees from Yale and the University of Toronto, and a bachelor of science degree from the University of Alberta. After graduating from U of T, she served as law clerk to Mme Justice Bertha Wilson at the Supreme Court of Canada. She was appointed to the faculty of Dalhousie Law School in 1991, promoted to Associate Professor 1998, moved to the University of Toronto in 2000, and became a full professor in 2009.

Audrey is co-author of The Governance Gap: Extractive Industries, Human Rights, and the Home State Advantage (London: Routledge: 2014) and the Canadian text Immigration and Refugee Law: Cases, Materials and Commentary, 2nd Edition (Toronto: Emond Montgomery, 2015). She has published articles in many peer reviewed journals, including the International Journal of Refugee Law, the Georgetown Immigration Law Journal, Human Rights Quarterly, Theoretical Inquiries in Law, Columbia Journal of Law and Human Rights, European Journal of Law and Migration, Law and Social Politics, and International Migration Review. She has also contributed to several edited book collections. Macklin is a frequent commentator in Canadian and international media, and regularly contributes op-eds to a variety of publications.

From 1994-96, Professor Macklin was a member of Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Board, where she adjudicated refugee claims. She was also involved in the case of Omar Khadr, a Canadian citizen detained by the United States at Guantànamo Bay for ten years. In that capacity, she was an observer for Human Rights Watch at the Military Commission proceedings in Guantànamo Bay, and represented Human Rights Watch as amicus before the Supreme Court of Canada in two Khadr appeals. Professor Macklin has also acted as pro bono counsel or academic legal advisor to counsel in several public interest cases, including challenges to withdrawal of health care for refugees, citizenship revocation, and the ban on niqabs at citizenship ceremonies.

We would also like to thank our outgoing interim director, Professor Mariana Valverde, for her dedication, leadership and service to the Centre and the Faculty of Arts & Science.


Click here to download a PDF vesion of our current newsletter:

October 2016 Newsletter


Criminological HighlightsCriminological Highlights is designed to provide an accessible look at some of the more interesting criminological research that is currently being published. Its focus is on research that is policy relevant. It is produced by a group of about a dozen academics and professional librarians including faculty from the University of Toronto and nearby universities and doctoral students at the University of Toronto. The project is directed by Anthony Doob and Rosemary Gartner.

In the Current Issue (Vol 16, No 3), we ask:

  1. Are dark-skinned Blacks especially likely to be imprisoned?
  2. Why is some form of criminal record expungement especially important now?
  3. Are neighbourhoods with large numbers of registered sex offenders living in them especially likely to have high rates of sex offences?
  4. Are Black youths living on the street particularly vulnerable to being stopped and searched by the police?
  5. Do curfews for youths reduce crime?
  6. What determines whether airport security procedures are perceived as being fair?
  7. Why do young Black Americans perceive the criminal justice system as unjust?
  8. How did New York City reduce its imprisonment rate?

Special Issues:

  1. Research on Public Confidence in the Criminal Justice System
  2. The Effects of Imprisonment: Specific Deterrence and Collateral Effects
  3. Issues related to Harsh Sentences and Mandatory Minimum Sentences: General Deterrence and Incapacitation


sch_adam_ellisPhD student Adam Ellis was named a 2016 Vanier Scholar in support of his project, “Reconceptualizing Urban Warfare in Canada: Exploring the Relationship between Trauma, PTSD and Gang Violence.” Adam is not new to the field of criminology. With an MA in Immigration and Settlement from Ryerson University, he has worked on several research projects focusing on mental health and the law, including topics on gang violence, organized crime and refugee determination. He has provided consultancy on mental health and criminal justice-related issues with a variety of public and private institutions including the United Nations, At Home Chez Sois Project, the Provincial/Federal Courts, the Ontario Review Board, and community organizations interphasing between mental health and justice.

IMG_0585Adam joins our 2015 Vanier Scholar Jihyun Kwon, whose dissertation is titled, “From Rhetoric to Reality of Officer Oversight: Learning how Police and Correctional Management and Oversight Policies are Formulated and Implemented.” JiHyun came to Canada from Daeugu, South Korea in 2005. She completed a BA in Sociology at McGill University in Montreal, before coming to Toronto. As an MA student at the Centre, she worked with Dr. Scot Wortley and Dr. Kelly Hannah-Moffatt on issues around penal boundaries and other punishment-related topics. In recognition of her work, JiHyun was also awarded the Centre’s John Ll. J Edwards Award 2014, presented to the MA student with the most outstanding overall performance.

Congratulations to both for this well-deserved honour!


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undergraduateGraduateThe Centre for Criminology & Sociolegal Studies is a research and teaching unit at the University of Toronto. Founded in 1963 by Professor John Edwards, the Centre’s faculty and students study crime, order and security from a variety of disciplinary perspectives and theoretical approaches. With backgrounds in sociology, history, law, psychology, philosophy and political science, the faculty are actively engaged in Canadian and international criminological research.

The Centre for Criminology & Sociolegal Studies offers a graduate program for masters and doctoral students. The undergraduate Criminology and Sociolegal Studies Program is administered through the Woodsworth College. The Centre’s library (the Criminology Information Service) houses the leading Canadian research collection of criminological material, consisting of more than 25, 000 books, journals, government reports, statistics and other documents.